3. What are inflections? 4. What does the rising inflection indicate? Give an example. 5. What is the use of the circumflex or double inflection? Give an example. 6. What is pitch? What are the different degrees of pitch used in reading? 2. How would you teach children to articulate clearly? 3. Name some of the qualities of voice used in reading. 4. When should the orotund be used? Give an example. 5. What is pitch? Time, 1 kr. Give an example requiring high pitch, also one requiring low pitch. DEPARTMENTAL EXAMINATIONS, JULY, 1893. NORMAL SCHOOL ENTRANCE. I. II. GEOMETRY, BOOK I. Time, 1 hr. 30 m. Candidates for Class I. will substitute for question 1 or 2 the demonstration of Prop. 26 (two angles and a side opposite). 1. Demonstrate Prop. 13.—If one straight line meet another so as to form two adjacent angles, these must either be both right angles or be together equal to two right angles. 2. Prove that, in any triangle not equilateral, the angle subtended by a longer side is greater than that subtended by a shorter side. 3. Demonstrate Prop. 42.—To decide a parallelogram that shall be equal to a given triangle, and shall have one of its angles equal to a given angle. 4. State or enunciate Props. 4, B, C, 8, 26, E, 37 and 38, in which two triangles are proved equal under different conditions. 5. Explain fully in words each of the following terms: (a) Alternate angles, (b) the altitude of a parallelogram, (c) converse propositions, (d) the complements of the parallelograms which are about the diagonal of a parallelogram. NOTE. Customary abbreviations may be used. Give references or authorlties wherever you can. I., II., ALGEBRA. Time, 1 hr. 30 m. "A 1. What is meant by: "A simple expression"? "Like terms "? number "? "The exponent "? "The cube root of a number"? 2. Simplify: 1-[1—(1—4x)]+[2x−(3—5x)]–[2—(—4+5x]. 3. Divide: 1+6x+5xo by 1+2x+x2. 4. Find the product of x—a, x—b, and x-c, bracketing the coefficients of a wherever practicable 6. Solve: (3-1)—}(x—2) = √(x—3)—}(x−5)+5}. 7. Divide $64 among three persons, so that A may have three times as much as B, and C one-third as much as A and B together. Find each share. NOTE.-Exhibit the work in full. Questions 5, 6 and 7 are worth more than the first four. Nos. 3, 4 and 5 need not be worked by candidates for Class I. Candidates for First Class will work three of the following: 10. How much tea at 35 cents per lb. must be mixed with 20 lbs. at 55 cents, so that the mixture may be sold at 50 cents. 11. (a) What is the real difference between algebraical and the arithmetical method of denoting numbers, as: a, c, x, 7, 4, 9? (b) Distinguish between signs for operations and signs for relations, setting down all the signs you know of each sort, with the significance of each. I. ARITHMETIC. Time, 2 hrs. Three of the first four questions and three of the others make a full paper. The explanation, when asked for, will be considered of as much or greater value than the operation. The unitary method will be held to include both explanation and operation. 1. A merchant buys flour for cash at $5, and sells it on credit at $6 per barrel. When cash is paid, he allows a discount of 5 per cent. How much per cent. does he gain on cash sales? 2. For what sum must a note be drawn on July 15, at 3 months, so that if discounted immediately at a bank, it will produce $250.85, the rate of discount being 7 per cent. per annum? Explain the operation or work by the unitary method. 3. What sum must I send my agent that he may be able to buy for me (after deducting his commission at 2 per cent. on the amount to be invested) exactly 60 bbls. of flour at $4.25 per bbl.? Explain the operation. 4. Find the area in square metres of a rectangular field of a mile long and 200 yards wide.. 5. A room is 25 feet long and 12 feet high, and the area of the floor is of the area of the four walls. Find the breadth of the room. Explain. 6. The contents of a cube are 9,709 cu. feet 64 cu. in. Find the length of its side. 7. A certain sum amounts to $372 in 3 years, at 8 per cent. simple interest. What would it amount to at compound interest in the same time at the same rate? difference. Explain (do not describe) the work of division. I. ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND COMPOSITION, Time 1 hr. 30 m. 1. Meet is it changes should control Our being, lest we rust in ease We all are changed by slow degrees, All but the basis of the soul. (a) Express the thought of the above stanza in a paragraph of not less than ten lines. (b) Give the general and detailed analysis. (c) Parse the italicized words. (d) Describe the Rhythm and the Rhyme of the stanza and scan any one line. (e) Change the metaphor in the word "rust" into a simile. 2. Write a descriptive paragraph, of not less than twenty lines, on one of the following topics, viz. A beautiful scene. A character in history or fiction. A work of art. 3. Discuss the following grammatical topics, viz. : Gender, and the ways of distinguishing it. Person. Mood, with definitions and remarks on each. 4. Give the construction and rule of Syntax applicable to the italicized words in the following, viz. I have fought a good fight. He was ordered to leave. The canal is fifty miles long. The sun rose clear. He was called the father of his country. 5. In what ways is the substantive clause usually introduced. The attributive clause Give any exception to the latter rule. I. GEOGRAPHY. Time, 1 hr. 30 min. 1. What causes ocean currents? Describe the principal currents. Where and what is the Sargasso Sea? 2. What are the principal effects of the inclination of the earth's axis to the plane of its orbit? 3. On what causes does the rainfall of a country depend? Name rainless countries and account for the absence of rain. 4. Trace the route of a traveller from London to Melbourne, via the C. P. R. 5. Show how England has provided for the coaling and refitting of her fleet all over the globe. 6. Describe fully any one of the following rivers: Amoor, Ganges, Amazon, Nile, Mississippi. And any one of the following cities, viz: Cairo, Calcutta, Rio Janeiro, Chicago, Venice. 7. Draw an outline map of Europe, showing mountain ranges, chief rivers, capitals and one important city in each country. NOTE. The map in question 7 will be valued at twenty-five. I. NATURAL HISTORY. Time, 1 hr. 30 min. 1. Name some herbaceous plants which bloom, in this province, very early in the spring. Point out the special means in the case of three of the plants you mention, which nature has provided to enable them to put forth leaves and flowers so much sooner than most other herbs. 2. What parts of the following plants are eaten by man- the potato, strawberry, carrot, cabbage, wheat, rhubarb? Of what use are these parts be to the plants respectively? 3. By what properties would you distinguish quartz from feldspar, feldspar from limestone, limestone from gypsum? 4. Of what mineral is earthenware mostly made? What properties fit it for that use? What metal does it contain? Describe the metal. 5. How do soils which soon become dry after a rain usually differ in their composition and origin from those which remain wet for a long time? 6. In what form do plants usually store up food for future use? Give examples. 7. Describe a native plant belonging to the rose family, or to the pine family. Include in your description both the organs of growth and of reproduction. 8. Refer the plant you described to its proper series, class and sub-class, giving reasons for your classification. 9. Describe the various forms assumed by any useful or harmful insect whose transformations you have observed. Tell what you know of its habits in its several stages. NOTE.- Six Questions make a full paper. I. GENERAL AND BRITISH HISTORY. Time, 1 hr. 30 min. (a) Divide the world's history into three periods, and give their closing dates. (b) Give the commonly recognized divisions and sub-divisions of the Caucasian race; and indicate by letters [A and M] which of the peoples named as subdivisions belong to ancient history, which to modern history, and which to both. |